“Rishi means a seer, the seer of the ultimate Reality, the one who perceives clearly how the one Reality exists creatively. Really, the Reality is itself the seer of how it exists creatively, because no other reality exists to see how it exists.”
- From the Commentary on the Ishvasya and Mandukya Upanishads, by Swami Muni Narayana Prasad; D.K. Printworld, 2009, New Delhi.
Kashmir Shavism – Abhinavagupta:
27. The Buddhist thinkers maintain that the constant flow of momentary consciousness is the only reality. The Vedic thinkers say that the single self, penetrating inside pervading, directing and governing all minds, is the ultimate reality.
Some Upanishadic thinkers take the power of animation as the ultimate truth, while other such thinkers say that one universal ATMAN, shining as all phenomena, is the only reality. Some other thinkers take either the psycho-physical organism or the generalities or lastly the individual as the ultimate truth.
But all such theories are merely dialectical speculations useful in discussions and debates. None among such entities has a real existence, as all these are mere suppositions and imaginary concepts of thinkers.
28. In the same way that matters like piety and sin, heaven and hell, birth and death, pleasure and pain… and so on, do never exist in reality, but appear in the Self on account of delusion (MAYA).
No diversity is the real truth. Its existence is simply apparent. It shines in the ATMAN as reflections shine in a mirror. All this appears to be a bonded being on account of the delusion caused by MAYA.
- Essence of the Exact Reality or PARAMARTHASARA of Abhinavagupta, With English translation & notes by Dr. B.N. Pandit; Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers; 1991, New Delhi.