Emission of Mitochondrial Biophotons

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Biophotons, or ultraweak photon emissions of biological systems, are weak electromagnetic waves in the optical range of the spectrum (i.e. light). All living cells of plants, animals and human beings emit biophotons. A photon is a single particle of light but is too faint to be seen by the naked eye. However, biophotons have been detected and verified using photomultiplier tubes. While a few organisms, such as certain deep sea fish, emit quite considerable intensities (thus being easily visible), much lower levels of light, which can just be detected with photomultipliers, can be found in all kinds of other living beings.   http://www.shift.is/biophoton/

VSF: Here is more evidence that the ‘dimming’ of sunlight from geoengineering is altering human behavior and potentially human DNA. We exist in the Woven Universe where everything and everyone is inter-connected.

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Emission of Mitochondrial Biophotons and their Effect on Electrical Activity of Membrane via Microtubules
Majid Rahnama, Jack A. Tuszynski, István Bókkon, Michal Cifra, Peyman Sardar, Vahid Salari; Department of Physics, Shahid Bahonar; University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Kerman Neuroscience Research Center (KNRC), Kerman, Iran; Afzal Research Institute, Kerman, Iran; Department of Experimental Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, AB T6G 1Z2, Canada; Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2J1, Canada; Doctoral School of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, Semmelweis University, Hungary; Institute of Photonics and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic; Department of Electromagnetic Field, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract
In this paper we argue that, in addition to electrical and chemical signals propagating in the neurons of the brain, signal propagation takes place in the form of biophoton production. This statement is supported by recent experimental confirmation of photon guiding properties of a single neuron. We have investigated the interaction of mitochondrial biophotons with microtubules from a quantum mechanical point of view. Our theoretical analysis indicates that the interaction of biophotons and microtubules causes transitions/fluctuations of microtubules between coherent and incoherent states. A significant relationship between the fluctuation function of microtubules and alpha-EEG diagrams is elaborated on in this paper. We argue that the role of biophotons in the brain merits special attention.

Introduction
All living cells of plants, animals and humans continuously emit ultraweak biophotons (ultraweak electromagnetic waves) in the optical range of the spectrum, which is associated with their physiological states and can be measured using special equipment. Neural cells also continuously emit biophotons. The intensity of biophotons is in direct correlation with neural activity, cerebral energy metabolism, EEG activity, cerebral blood flow and oxidative processes.

2. Biophoton Production Mechanism inside Neurons
During natural metabolic processes taking place in diverse living organism, permanent and spontaneous ultraweak biophoton emission has been observed without any external excitation. The emergence of biophotons is due to the bioluminescent radical and non-radical reactions of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS), and involves simple cessation of excited states. The main source of biophotons derives from the oxidative metabolism of mitochondria.

Neurons also incessantly emit biophotons.

4.1 An Overview
We strongly believe that electrodynamic interactions between various cytoskeletal structures, with MTs playing a central role, and ion channels crucially regulate the neural information-processing mechanism. These interactions involve long-range ionic wave propagation along microtubule networks (MTNs) and AFs and exhibit subcellular control of ionic channel activity. Hence, they have an impact on the computational capabilities of the entire neural function. Cytoskeletal biopolymers, most importantly AFs and MTs, constitute the basis for wave propagation, and interact with membrane components leading to a modulation of synaptic connections and membrane ion channels.

full pdf:

http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1012/1012.3371.pdf

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Biophotons: The Human Body Emits, Communicates with, and is Made from Light
Sayer Ji, GreenMedInfo  / Aug. 26, 2014
Increasingly science agrees with the poetry of direct human experience:  we are more than the atoms and molecules that make up our bodies, but beings of light as well. Biophotons are emitted by the human body, can be released through mental intention, and may modulate fundamental processes within cell-to-cell communication and DNA.

…the human body emits biophotons, also known as ultraweak photon emissions (UPE), with a visibility 1,000 times lower than the sensitivity of our naked eye. While not visible to us, these particles of light (or waves, depending on how you are measuring them) are part of the visible electromagnetic spectrum (380-780 nm) and are detectable via sophisticated modern instrumentation.

The Physical and “Mental” Eye Emits Light
The eye itself, which is continually exposed to ambient powerful photons that pass through various ocular tissues, emit spontaneous and visible light-induced ultraweak photon emissions. It has even been hypothesized that visible light induces delayed bioluminescence within the exposed eye tissue, providing an explanation for the origin of the negative afterimage.

These light emissions have also been correlated with cerebral energy metabolism and oxidative stress within the mammalian brain.  And yet, biophoton emissions are not necessarily epiphenomenal. Bókkon’s hypothesis suggests that photons released from chemical processes within the brain produce biophysical pictures during visual imagery, and a recent study found that when subjects actively imagined light in a very dark environment their intention produced significant increases in ultraweak photo emissions. This is consistent with an emerging view that biophotons are not solely cellular metabolic by-products, but rather, because biophoton intensity can be considerably higher inside cells than outside, it is possible for the mind to access this energy gradient to create intrinsic biophysical pictures during visual perception and imagery.

Our Cells and DNA Use Biophotons To Store and Communicate Information
Apparently biophotons are used by the cells of many living organisms to communicate, which facilitates energy/information transfer that is several orders of magnitude faster than chemical diffusion. According to a 2010 study, “Cell to cell communication by biophotons have been demonstrated in plants, bacteria, animal neutriophil granulocytes and kidney cells.” Researchers were able to demonstrate that “…different spectral light stimulation (infrared, red, yellow, blue, green and white) at one end of the spinal sensory or motor nerve roots resulted in a significant increase in the biophotonic activity at the other end.” Researchers interpreted their finding to suggest that “…light stimulation can generate biophotons that conduct along the neural fibers, probably as neural communication signals.”

Even when we go down to the molecular level of our genome, DNA can be identified to be a source of biophoton emissions as well. One author proposes that DNA is so biophoton dependent that is has excimer laser-like properties, enabling it to exist in a stable state far from thermal equilibrium at threshold.

Technically speaking a biophoton is an elementary particle or quantum of light of non-thermal origin in the visible and ultraviolet spectrum emitted from a biological system. They are generally believed to be produced as a result of energy metabolism within our cells, or more formally as a “…by-product of biochemical reactions in which excited molecules are produced from bioenergetic processes that involves active oxygen species,”

http://themindunleashed.org/2014/08/biophotons-human-body-emits-communicates-made-light.html

Harald Kautz-Vella discusses biophotons in his research.

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