Plasma Bombs / and HAARP from the US Naval Research Laboratory

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The U.S. Air Force wants to detonate plasma bombs in the sky
By Kelly Hodgkins — August 12, 2016 3:43 AM

The Air Force is asking for help in developing plasma bombs, which would be delivered to the atmosphere by tiny cube satellites and then detonated to release ions upon arrival. The Air Force is working with several research teams, each of which is tasked with coming up with their own design for the plasma bombs. The first stage of the project is theoretical, requiring researchers to come up with an atmospheric plasma delivery method. Selected researchers then will be invited to test their proposal in a vacuum chamber simulator and eventually on exploratory flights.

One team, comprised of researchers from Drexel University and General Sciences, is developing a controlled bomb that uses a chemical reaction to heat a piece of metal beyond its boiling point. Once vaporized, the metal will react with atmospheric oxygen to create the ionized plasma. Another proposal under development by researchers from the University of Maryland and Enig Associates also uses vaporized metals to supercharge the atmosphere. This proposal is much more explosive, though, using mini-detonations to heat pieces of metal rapidly, causing them to vaporize. The amount of plasma produced in this latter reaction can be controlled by changing the intensity and form of the explosion.

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Though using plasma bombs may be unconventional and even controversial, the science behind the Air Force’s plan is sound. By releasing plasma bombs into the atmosphere, the Air Force would increase the quantity of ions in the layer of the atmosphere known as the ionosphere, which starts at an altitude of approximately 60 kilometers. Radio waves interact with this layer when they travel, so modifying it can have a significant effect on radio communications.

… The idea of artificially ionizing the atmosphere to improve radio communications is nothing new and is already being used in Alaska. The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program uses ground-based antennas to bombard the ionosphere with radiation. This radiation produces radio-reflecting plasma that, in turn, improves radio communication. The plasma bomb idea builds upon the HFAARP program by modifying the ionosphere directly instead of relying on ground-based technology. Despite its promise, though, it is not known whether these plasma bombs will be powerful enough to make any significant changes in atmospheric ionization.

The U.S. Air Force wants to detonate plasma bombs in the sky

An informative link on HAARP from the US Naval Research Laboratory:


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The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program / 
E.J. Kennedy, P. Rodriguez, and C.A. Selcher /Information Technology Division

Introduction: Electromagnetic waves in certain frequency ranges are absorbed or refracted by the ionosphere, an electrically conductive region of the upper atmosphere beginning at an altitude of approximately 80 km. Radio waves of sufficient energy density are capable of temporarily modifying its electrical and physical properties within a small volume, enabling a new type of interactive research having application to a variety of Navy and DOD missions.

The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, jointly sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and DARPA, is constructing a new interactive ionospheric research facility in Gakona, Alaska, to conduct both basic and applied research in this scientific discipline.

We present a description of the major components of the HAARP Gakona Facility … results from three research areas: extremely low and very low frequencies (ELF/VLF) generation, artificial optical emissions, and space research.

Generation of ELF/VLF Waves: Much of the research at the facility is focused on the generation of ELF/VLF because of the value of these frequencies to the Navy for undersea applications.

Propagating radio waves in the ELF/VLF frequency range are generated at the lower edge of the ionosphere when high-power HF radio waves modulate the conductivity of the ionospheric D and E layers in the presence of a background or “electrojet” current. …

Optical Emissions: The interaction of high-power radio waves with the ionospheric can produce faint optical emissions at specific wavelengths.

Lunar Radar Experiment: In another experiment, measurements were made of lunar radar cross-section by transmitting high-power radar pulses directly at the Moon from the HAARP facility and receiving the echo pulses with the WAVES radio receiver onboard the NASA/WIND spacecraft.

http://www.nrl.navy.mil/research/nrl-review/2004/atmospheric-science-and-technology/kennedy/

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