Physics of the Plasma Universe
Anthony L. Peratt
Second Edition / Springer 1992, 2015
Plasma is today recognized as the key element to understanding new observations in near-Earth, interplanetary, interstellar and intergalactic space, stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies and throughout the observable universe. The text, ‘Physics of the Plasma Universe’ is the result of Anthony Peratt’s 37 years research at Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The supercomputer and experimental work was carried out within university, National Laboratory, Department of Energy and supporting NASA facilities.
Anthony L. Peratt makes it clear that he is in no way connected to the Electric Universe people, even though they use and quote his research: “…now the internet allows anyone, even cults, to present their cacophony to the world, often citing unsuspecting researchers as ‘colleagues’ for false endorsement. As Hannes Alfven, Harold Urey, and myself … said ‘they deserve no attention’. …”
[Here are a few illuminating quotes from Peratt’s text, ‘Physics of the Plasma Universe’]:
Plasma consists of electrically charged particles that respond collectively to electromagnetic forces.
Because of their strong interaction with electromagnetism, plasmas display a complexity in structure and motion that far exceeds that found in matter in the gaseous, liquid, or solid states.
The term plasma came from medical science to describe their collective motions that gave an almost ‘lifelike’ behavior to the ion and electron regions.
In addition to cellular morphology, plasmas often display a filamentary structure, which derives from the fact that plasma, because of its free electrons, is a good conductor of electricity, far exceeding the conducting properties of metals such as copper or gold. [So we can see why the Department of Energy is keenly interested in Peratt’s research!]
Nearly all the matter in the universe exists in the plasma state.
Plasmas are prodigious producers of electromagnetic radiation!
Melting Arctic (two above) / and the Olympic Peninsula (below)
The three photos (below) were intentionally enhanced by me to show the ‘structural’ properties of these clouds which I can perceive with my eyes, but the camera is not good enough to show clearly.