‘Fried’ clouds above on The Olympic Peninsula / my photo
US Patent 5762298 – June 9, 1998 – Use of artificial satellites in earth orbits adaptively to modify the effect that solar radiation would otherwise have on earth’s weather
A Satellite Weather Modification System (SWMS) uses earth satellites to harness solar energy to modify the thermodynamics and composition of the earth’s atmosphere. SWMS has three subsystems: The first subsystem includes a network of earth satellites called Satellite Engines (SEs) used to reflect solar energy and/or transform solar energy into other forms of energy beams discharged at specified locations. The media at these locations and the media through which the energy beams pass absorb these energies and change them into heat. The second subsystem includes a large network of Remote Sensing Devices (RSDs). These sensors are used to measure local media compositions, dynamic parameters and thermodynamic properties. Sensor measurements are fed back to the third subsystem, which includes a network of Ground Control Stations (GCSs). GCSs provide energy beam guidance by estimating each beam’s characteristics and its aim point trajectory as functions of time. Integration of these three subsystems establishes a sensor feedback energy beam guidance and control loop. SWMS’s weather modification applications include alteration of precipitation, reclaiming of wasteland, reducing damage by bad weather, and improving environment. Its non-weather related applications include supplying concentrated energy to electricity generating stations (solar, wind and hydro), high latitude greenhouse farms, and solar powered airplanes.
… In contrast to much of the prior art, this invention employs only solar energy, earth satellites, remote sensing devices and ground control computers. No dispensing of chemicals is needed. The Satellite Weather Modification System (SWMS) is a local as well as a global weather modification tool. For example, SWMS can simultaneously bring rain to dry regions in southern California and drought regions in southern Ethiopia within in a few orbital periods of the Satellite Engines. Most remarkable of all is that these and many other tasks can all be accomplished by switching between some computer codes.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
This invention is an aerospace system designed to harness solar energy to modify the earth’s weather. This system is called Satellite Weather Modification System (SWMS). This invention disclosure covers three areas. A first area involves the design and/or integration of three SWMS key subsystems. A second area involves specifying basic SWMS weather modification techniques. A third area involves the design of unique SWMS applications into self-supporting businesses.
The first area of this invention disclosure covers the three SWMS key subsystems. They are:
1. Satellite Engines (SEs): The basic function of an SE is to reflect solar energy or to transform solar energy into another form of energy before discharging it to a specified location. Each SE is a specially designed earth satellite. In a mature SWMS, many millions of SEs will be operating in a coordinated manner. As a minimum capability, each SE will be designed to reflect solar energy and simultaneously convert solar energy into electricity via solar cells. Advanced SE models will be capable of transforming solar energy into energy beams of different frequencies before discharging them. These advanced SEs can simultaneously discharge solar energy, frequency agile and intensity agile MMW (millimeter wave) or RF or microwave pulse trains, infrared radiations, laser light and incandescent light as the mission may require. All physical characteristics of each energy beam (solar or otherwise) are adaptively estimated by Ground Control Stations (GCSs). GCS also estimates each energy beam’s guidance by defining its desired aim point trajectory. The criteria used to select and to guide each energy beam are based on an estimated specific thermodynamic change taking place in a specific air mass that satisfies some required weather condition changes.
Each SE will have gimbals panels (i.e., panels mounted on gimbals) on its outer surfaces. Each gimbals panel has a reflector on one side and solar cells on the other side. Also, gimbals-mounted antennae and lamps are attached to the SE structure frame. The SE controls the direction of each energy beam by controlling each panel’s two gimbals orientations with respect to the SE structure frame. By using flywheels (or other methods), each SE also controls its structure frame orientation with respect to inertial space.
A minimum SWMS configuration requires that all SEs be placed in two non-coplanar orbits. These orbits are slightly inclined with respect to each other. One orbit will always be higher than the other orbit. Each SE structure frame will maintain an average angular rate of one revolution per year with respect to inertial space. During each orbit around the earth an SE will experience two different operating modes, depending on whether the SE is inside or outside earth’s shadow. These modes are described … …
North of Antarctica below the south western end of Australia (above & below)
Just north of Antarctica & south of Australia (two above) http://go.nasa.gov/2gx2k1v
Australia south east tip (above) http://go.nasa.gov/2gX2MCW
Auckland Island south &east of New Zealand http://go.nasa.gov/2gwZrOa