[“Tesla superconducting magnet system 80 thousand times stronger than the Earth’s magnetic field.”] In August, 2013, the AUPSL was awarded three-year funding from both Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation for the startup and operations of the Magnetized Dusty Plasma Experiment (MDPX).
VSF: It seems entirely logical to conclude that the ongoing geoengineering operations involve these “dusty” plasmas.
I have also concluded that the “coiled” cloud formations I frequently see on Worldview are somehow being used to induce a strong electric field. See a typical image below.
Have a look at this 20 second video:
Electrical conductivity of the thermal dusty plasma under the conditions of a hybrid plasma environment simulation facility
Dmitry I Zhukhovitskii1, Oleg F Petrov1,2,3, Truell W Hyde3, Georg Herdrich3,4, Rene Laufer3,4, Michael Dropmann3,4 and Lorin S Matthews3
Published 27 May 2015 • © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
New Journal of Physics, Volume 17, May 2015
We discuss the inductively heated plasma generator (IPG) facility in application to the generation of the thermal dusty plasma formed by the positively charged dust particles and the electrons emitted by them. We develop a theoretical model for the calculation of plasma electrical conductivity under typical conditions of the IPG. We show that the electrical conductivity of dusty plasma is defined by collisions with the neutral gas molecules and by the electron number density.
The latter is calculated in the approximations of an ideal and strongly coupled particle system and in the regime of weak and strong screening of the particle charge. The maximum attainable electron number density and corresponding maximum plasma electrical conductivity prove to be independent of the particle emissivity.
Analysis of available experiments is performed, in particular, of our recent experiment with plasma formed by the combustion products of a propane–air mixture and the [CERIUM OXIDE] CeO2 particles injected into it. A good correlation between the theory and experimental data points to the adequacy of our approach. Our main conclusion is that a level of the electrical conductivity due to the thermal ionization of the dust particles is sufficiently high to compete with that of the potassium-doped plasmas. …
The dust particles in the plasma, ranging in size from tens of nanometers to hundreds of microns, become charged due to a variety of charging mechanisms. The amount of charging depends on the grain size, morphology, and composition, as well as the plasma environment [10–14]. …
2. The IPG facility
IPGs use the transformer principle to create a plasma. An RF (radio frequency) current is fed into a coil inducing a strong electric field in the plasma which acts like the secondary coil of a transformer, with plasma heating then occurring due to the resulting electric current.
… The combustion products were at atmospheric pressure.
We studied thermal plasma with two types of chemically inert particles, [ALUMINUM OXIDE] Al2O3 and [CERIUM OXIDE] CeO2 . The dust particles were slightly impure and contained sodium and potassium. As a result, the spectra measurements revealed that a plasma spray of particles contains sodium and potassium atoms, which have a low ionization potential. Typical plasma spectra include continuous dust radiation and K spectral lines (see figure 2 of ).
WIKI: Fuel cells https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerium(IV)_oxide
Ceria is of interest as a material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) because of its relatively high oxygen ion conductivity (i.e. oxygen atoms readily move through it) at intermediate temperatures (500–650 °C) and lower association enthalpy compared to Zirconia system.
Water splitting — The cerium(IV) oxide–cerium(III) oxide cycle or CeO2/Ce2O3 cycle is a two step thermochemical water splitting process based on cerium(IV) oxide and cerium(III) oxide for hydrogen production.
The support of the Russian Science Foundation for development of the theoretical background for calculation of the electrical conductivity of the thermal dusty plasma (Grant No. 14-50-00124, D I Zh) and of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research for the experimental investigation of the thermal plasma and development of the diagnostic technique (Grant No. 14-02-90052, O F P) are gratefully acknowledged.
Turning the atmosphere into a giant electrical system, conductor/resonator/generator/capacitor
Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma
Vladimir Fortov, Igor Iakubov, and Alexey Khrapak
Print publication date: 2006
Print ISBN-13: 9780199299805
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007
V. E. Fortov
I. T. Iakubov
A. G. Khrapak
This chapter discusses the physics of complex (dusty) plasmas — low-temperature plasmas containing charged microparticles — and the major types of experimental dusty plasmas. Various elementary processes, including grain charging in different regimes, interaction between charged particles, and momentum exchange between different species are investigated. The major forces on microparticles and features of the particle dynamics in dusty plasmas are described. An overview of the wave properties in different phase states, as well as results on the phase transitions between different crystalline and liquid states are presented. Special attention is given to “crystallization” of dusty plasmas. Results of investigations of dusty plasmas under microgravity conditions are discussed in detail. Properties of plasmas with nonspherical particles are considered. Possible applications of dusty plasmas and new directions in experimental research are considered.
Keywords: OML theory, ion drag force, thermophoretic force, photoelectric emission, thermionic emission, secondary electron emission, dusty plasma crystallization, crystallization criteria, dust-acoustic waves, wave dumping