A NASA rocket mission is set to form white artificial clouds that will glow in the night sky, to study disturbances in the upper atmosphere / NASA Worldview: Smoke on the West Coast USA

Pacific Northwest (above) / Sept.2, 2017                            https://go.nasa.gov/2gAIyUM

NASA rockets to create glowing artificial clouds, and here’s why

THE INDIAN EXPRESS
A NASA rocket mission is set to form white artificial clouds that will glow in the night sky, to study disturbances in the upper atmosphere that interfere with communication and technology systems.
By: PTI | Washington | August 24, 2017

A NASA rocket mission is set to form white artificial clouds that will glow in the night sky, to study disturbances in the upper atmosphere that interfere with communication and technology systems. The artificial clouds will be visible to residents of the Republic of the Marshall Islands during two rocket flights to occur between August 29 and September 9, the US space agency said.

The Waves and Instabilities from a Neutral Dynamo (WINDY) mission will study a phenomenon that occurs in the ionosphere – a layer of charged particles in the upper atmosphere. Known as equatorial spread F (ESF) these disturbances occur after sunset at latitudes near the equator in part of the ionosphere known as the F region.

The disturbances interfere with radio communication, navigation and imaging systems and pose a hazard to technology and society that depends on it. The WINDY mission consists of two NASA suborbital sounding rockets that will be launched nearly simultaneously in a window between 8 and 11 pm local time from August 29 through September 9 from the island of Roi-Namur .

The Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands is near the magnetic equator, where post-sunset ionosphere storms are more intense, making the site an ideal location for these studies, NASA said. One rocket will carry a substance called tri-methyl aluminium (TMA), which will form the white artificial clouds that glow in the night sky.

Scientists on the ground photograph the movement of these clouds to measure the winds and energetic particles that are in motion in the upper atmosphere. The clouds are expected to be visible for about 30 minutes. The first rocket launched, a two-stage 47-foot long Black Brant IX rocket, will carry and release both TMA and lithium.

The release of the lithium vapours is not visible to the naked-eye but can be viewed with special cameras on the ground. Both TMA and lithium, which are harmless to residents on the ground when released at these altitudes, move with the atmospheric winds and can therefore be used to determine the wind speeds and direction over the area where these ionosphere storms are occurring.

TMA reacts spontaneously on contact with oxygen to produce a pale white glow visible from the ground. For the WINDY mission, sunlight reflected by the Moon, will illuminate lithium producing an emission that can be detected with cameras equipped with narrow-band filters.

Using moonlight allows the launches to occur later in the evening when the critical ESF conditions occur. The second rocket, a two-stage 36-foot long Terrier- Malemute, will be launched five minutes after the first rocket. It will carry instruments to measure ionosphere densities and electric and magnetic fields present in these storms.

The ionosphere is defined as the layer of Earth’s atmosphere that is ionised by solar and cosmic radiation. Ionisation occurs when incoming energetic radiation strips electrons from atoms and molecules, creating temporarily charged particles.

 

Pacific Northwest (above) / Sept.2, 2017                     https://go.nasa.gov/2gBT7qR

Weird microwave ripple dark-grey coal-ash clouds. Off the coast of Southern California / September 2, 2017                                                                    https://go.nasa.gov/2eQUgqr

detail off the coast of the Pacific Northwest  / Sept.2, 2017                            https://go.nasa.gov/2gAjGwh

Pacific Northwest smoke / Sept.2, 2017                             https://go.nasa.gov/2eR5lb2

Electrified clouds off Bay Area & SoCAL  / Sept.2, 2017       https://go.nasa.gov/2eR2H5m

Off the west coast / September 3, 2017       https://go.nasa.gov/2eTFLSZ

Pacific Northwest smoke / Sept. 3, 2017                     https://go.nasa.gov/2gE4U7Z

Off the west coast / Sept. 3, 2017          https://go.nasa.gov/2eTFLSZ

Off the coast of Southern California / Sept. 3, 2017     https://go.nasa.gov/2eTQug9

Off the coast of Southern California – “coiled tufts” clouds that have been electrified?
Maybe scalar technology? / Sept. 3, 2017
https://go.nasa.gov/2gC3lY7

R/F microwave coming off San Miguel & Santa Rosa Islands / Sept. 3, 2017     https://go.nasa.gov/2gCLQqK

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