Kamchatka Russia: The Karimshino Observatory / “…the possibilities of studying the evolution of the plasma wave spectrum and artificial striations of the plasma density at different altitudes of the disturbed ionospheric region modified by high-power HF radio waves from the SURA heating facility”

 

VSF: In one of my Springer textbooks entitled ‘Schumann Resonance for Tyros’ (tyros means beginners), I found a reference to the Karimshino Observatory in Kamchatka Russia.  In collecting cloud formations around the planet from NASA Worldview, I have a large number of increasingly imaginative bizarre formations in the Sea of Okhotsk Russia and the Kamchatka Peninsula is east of this sea. Over time I began to notice activity coming from and around Kamchatka. The existence of an observatory on Kamchatka got me curious and so I search for technical papers that might indicate what kind of research is being done at this Karimshino Observatory. I also wondered if many other observatories around the planet are actually serving as transmitter sources for altering the atmosphere. Of course this would remain unknown to the public, another military secret. Here are my NASA Worldview images with some of the technical documents I found online.

The Kamchatka Peninsula (Russian: полуо́стров Камча́тка, Poluostrov Kamchatka) is a 1,250-kilometre-long (780 mi) peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi). It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Okhotsk to the west. Immediately offshore along the Pacific coast of the peninsula runs the 10,500-metre (34,400-ft) deep Kuril–Kamchatka Trench.
The Kamchatka Peninsula, the Commander Islands, and Karaginsky Island constitute the Kamchatka Krai of the Russian Federation. The vast majority of the 322,079 inhabitants are ethnic Russians, but there are also about 13,000 Koryaks (2014).[3] More than half of the population lives in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (179,526 people in 2010) and nearby Yelizovo (38,980).
The Kamchatka peninsula contains the volcanoes of Kamchatka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Kamchatka receives up to 2,700 mm (110 in) of precipitation per year. The summers are moderately cool, and the winters tend to be rather stormy though rarely producing lightning.

Sea of Okhotsk, Russia (above) evidence of radio-frequency & microwave emissions / Sept.14, 2017 https://go.nasa.gov/2y2xHqe

Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics
Published on September 9, 2014
Alexandros Sfakianakis

We consider and classify the regime of separation of two orthogonally polarized E and H waves by using a reflecting metal diffraction grating, which sends all the energy of an incident wave with one polarization to the specular order of diffraction, and that of an incident wave with the other polarization, to the (−1)st order of diffraction (in this case, the autocollimation regime is used). The conditions of existence of such a regime are studied in the simplest cases (generalization of the approach presented in [1, 2] to the case of a sinusoidal surface), along with the possibility to construct more complex (nonsinusoidal) corrugation profiles, for which the specified regime has certain advantages, e.g., a wider bandwidth. Examples of such profiles are presented. The studies are performed on the basis of numerical solution of the problem of diffraction of a plane electromagnetic wave by a perfectly conducting corrugated surface within the framework of the integral-equation method employing the authors’ computer visualization code.

Sea of Okhotsk & Kamchatka, Russia (above)                                                                      Sept.11, 2017                                                                                                                           https://go.nasa.gov/2xWqUy7

Filtering Features of Long Acoustic-Gravity Waves in a Windless Atmosphere

Equations for the wave perturbations of velocity and pressure in a nonisothermal atmosphere are considered. It is noted that the pressure perturbation has singularities near the altitude where the equality of the horizontal phase velocity of the perturbation and sound velocity in the medium is fulfilled. At this altitude, a thin atmospheric layer with finite mass is concentrated. The wave perturbations do not penetrate to a higher level. The presence of a singularity in the wave perturbation of pressure was numerically confirmed for the actual altitude temperature profiles of the atmosphere.

South of the Sea of Okhotsk (above – sepia enhanced) / Sept.11, 2017                        https://go.nasa.gov/2xWWdsI

Aperture Synthesis due to the Motion of a Single Receiver During Direction Finding of the Narrowband Noise Sources

We consider the possibilities of the aperture synthesis using a single moving receiver during direction finding of the sources emitting a random stationary narrow band signal. It is shown that in this case the coordinates and projections of the source velocities can be determined from the current estimates of the Doppler frequency shift. Using the Cramér–Rao bound, we analyze accuracy of determining the parameters which characterize the rectilinear trajectory of the source during the circumferential receiver motion as functions of the synthetic-aperture size, emitted signal bandwidth, signal-to-noise ratio, etc. Possible applications of the proposed version of the aperture synthesis in underwater acoustics and radio astronomy are considered.

South of Sea of Okhotsk (sepia enhanced) / Sept.11, 2017
https://go.nasa.gov/2y1m8Ah

Aperiodic Large-Scale Disturbances in the Lower Ionosphere. Ionosonde Observation Results

We present the observed disturbances of the parameters of the ionosphere affected by high-power radio waves from the SURA heating facility.

Ionosondes located in Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow (Russia), Kharkov (Ukraine), and Pruhonice (Czechia) were used for the observations. The diagnostic tools were from 560 to 2200 km away from SURA. Additional ionization layers with a cutoff frequency of 2.6–3.4 MHz were occasionally observed on the ionograms of the Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow stations. The effective altitude of these layers was 120–160 km and the true altitude was about 110–130 km. The occurrence of additional ionization layers below 100–130 km was controlled by an increase in the minimum observable frequency (MOF). For the Moscow station, the MOF increased by about 1 MHz in the daytime and almost did not change in the night time. MOF variations on the ionograms of the Kharkov and Pruhonice stations were less significant (0.3–0.4 MHz) in all time of the day. The observed effects are most probably due to the midlatitude precipitation of electrons from the inner radiation belt, which increased the electron number density in the ionosphere, absorption of the sounding radio waves, and the MOF. Estimated particle flux density was 10–10 m ·s. The electron number density in the daytime increased by a factor of 2–3.

Karaginsky Island, Kamchatka & east (above) / Sept.10, 2017                        https://go.nasa.gov/2xZBANx

Karaginsky Island or Karaginskiy Island (Russian: Карагинский остров) is an island in the Karaginsky Gulf of the Bering Sea. The 40 km-wide strait between the Kamchatka Peninsula and this island is called Litke Strait. Karaginsky Island is a Ramsar site.
Even though the island is uninhabited, the Karagin Koryaks have traditionally lived in Karaginskiy Island. Migrant reindeer herders still live in temporary shelters on the island.
The island is 101 km long and up to 27 km wide, with an area of 2,404 km². The highest peak of the island is 912 m. Karaginsky Island is covered with tundra vegetation and cedar underwood. In the summer there are many flowers.
Currently this island is popular with tourists who come to enjoy the wildlife.

Sea of Okhotsk, Kamchatka Krai & the Bering Sea (above) / Sept.7, 2017                  https://go.nasa.gov/2xfHFrF

Study of the Plasma Turbulence Dynamics by Measurements of Diagnostic Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission. I. Experimental Results

We consider the possibilities of studying the evolution of the plasma wave spectrum and artificial striations of the plasma density at different altitudes of the disturbed ionospheric region modified by high-power HF radio waves from the SURA heating facility based on measurements of the dynamic characteristics of diagnostic stimulated electromagnetic emission.

Sea of Okhotsk, Kamchatka Krai & the Bering Sea (above) / Sept.7, 2017        https://go.nasa.gov/2gOZmaC

Multi-Point Detection of the Elf Transient Caused by the Gamma Flare of December 27, 2004

We present the experimental records of the radio pulse related to the gamma burst that took place on December 27, 2004. The records, which are synchronized by GPS time marks, were obtained in the observatories at Moshiri and Onagawa (Japan), Esrange (Sweden), Karimshino (Kamchatka, Russia), Nagycenk (Hungary), and Hornsund (Polish Polar Station Spitzbergen). The data demonstrate exceptional similarity and contain characteristic pulses that correspond to the time of gamma-ray arrival. Processing of the signals shows that along with the time match, the following modeling predictions are confirmed: radio pulses contain a signal at the main frequency of the Schumann resonance, the field source has positive polarity (the current is directed from the ionosphere towards the Earth), the polarization of the horizontal magnetic field of the radio wave is almost linear, and the directions towards the source indicate the epicenter of the gamma-quanta flux collision with the ionosphere. These properties correspond to the concept of the parametric electromagnetic pulse that is produced due to a significant change in the current in the global electric circuit, which is caused by a cosmic gamma-ray flare.

The Aleutian Islands (above) / Sept.7, 2017 – This is the Ring of Fire and I quite often find radz emitted off these islands. Not good!                                                            https://go.nasa.gov/2xfvNpA

The Aleutian Islands (/əˈluːʃən/; possibly from Chukchi aliat, “island”) are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the United States and Russia. They form part of the Aleutian Arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km2) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900 km) westward from the Alaska Peninsula toward the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia, and mark a dividing line between the Bering Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Crossing longitude 180°, at which point east and west longitude end, the archipelago contains both the westernmost part of the United States by longitude (Amatignak Island) and the easternmost by longitude (Semisopochnoi Island). The westernmost U.S. island in real terms, however, is Attu Island, west of which runs the International Date Line. While nearly all the archipelago is part of Alaska and is usually considered as being in the “Alaskan Bush”, at the extreme western end, the small, geologically related Commander Islands belong to Russia.
The islands, with their 57 volcanoes, are in the northern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Physiographically, they are a distinct section of the larger Pacific Border province, which in turn is part of the larger Pacific Mountain System physiographic division.
These Islands are most known for the battles and skirmishes that occurred there during the Aleutian Islands Campaign of World War II. It was one of only two attacks on the United States during that war.

Sea of Okhotsk (above) / Sept.6, 2017          https://go.nasa.gov/2f5AbwO

Image Correction in Optoacoustic Microscopy. Numerical Simulation

Optoacoustic microscopy is an efficient method of three-dimensional biomedical visualization, which is based on using single-element focused ultrasonic antennas. Scanning of the studied medium by the focal constriction of an acoustic antenna allows one to retrieve the location of the sources of optoacoustic pulses without using reconstruction algorithms. However, the finite size of the focal constriction results in blurring of optoacoustic images. In this work, we demonstrate the algorithm which is based on calculating the Green’s function for an arbitrary acoustic antenna and allows one to correct optoacoustic images.

Diagnostics of Subsurface Quasi-One-Dimensional Inhomogeneities by the Method of Resonance Near-Field Microwave Sounding

Tip of Kamchatka Krai and Kuril Islands (above) / Sept.6, 2017                    https://go.nasa.gov/2f6en4m

Scattering of a Plane Electromagnetic Wave by a Metal Cylinder with Dielectric or Metamaterial Coating

The problem of diffraction of a plane electromagnetic wave by a perfectly conducting infinitely long cylinder with coating for the cases of the E and H waves is solved. Calculations are performed using the classical electrodynamic solution, which allowed us to develop the spatial field distribution in the covering dielectric layer and compare it with that of the scattered field. To reveal the relation between the characteristics of the scattered field in the far zone and its structure in the dielectric layer, calculations were performed for various relationships between the wavelength and coating thickness. It is shown that the appearance of the sharp azimuthal and frequency irregularities in the reflected field is related to the coating resonances since the azimuthal structure of the scattered field is a function of the spatial distribution of the secondary sources in this layer, whereas the fine structure of the fast variations with frequency is related to variations in the azimuthal distribution of the secondary-source currents. It is demonstrated that using dielectric coatings, one cannot render the metal cylinder invisible in the wide frequency range.

Tip of Kamchatka Krai and Kuril Islands (above) / Sept.6, 2017                   https://go.nasa.gov/2f6eT2i

Switching of Microwave Radiation Storage and Output Modes in Superconducting Resonance-Cavity Compressors with an Interference Switch

We propose a commutator for the interference switch of microwave electromagnetic radiation on the basis of a waveguide H-junction made as a cavity with tunable parameters, which is connected to one arm of this junction. The superconducting version of a microwave compressor with such a switch is analyzed. The conditions of effective switch operation in the mode of electromagnetic energy storage and its fast output in the case of controllable manipulation of the Q-factor and resonant frequency of the switching cavity are determined. Estimates of the output parameters of the superconducting compression system are presented for storing- and switching-cavity Q-factors of about 5 ・ 10. The possibility of increasing the radiated power in such a compression system by 40–60 dB for output microwave pulses with durations of about 5–10 ns is demonstrated. Variants of practical implementation of the system are considered.

comments: Vince F. Golubić
Linux Software Engineer (Poly-Discipline) & Tech Analyst

Let’s get a team together. DARPA/NSF/DISA program lead with yourself, BBN, SRI and other ‘labs’ involved. Next start with Tier1 Telecom ‘team’ provider to assist with system wide integration, then bring in ‘best of breed’ tools vendors. (Matlab, NI, 3D/CAD modeling, etc..) Start with quantum encryption networks first (i.e, ‘racks’ like Boris & Ana -see slide 30 in each ‘node lab’) http://www.ists.dartmouth.edu/docs/qcp.pdf. Layer “best of breed’ tools vendors on top of that foundation and go from there for tighter integration. We may just amaze ourselves.!!

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140909132312-36789366-radiophysics-and-quantum-electronics

detail tip of Kamchatka Krai and Kuril Islands (above) / Sept.6, 2017          https://go.nasa.gov/2f6eCwn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Satellite DEMETER Coordinated Geophysical Observations / Complex Ground Based Geophysical Observations Coordinated with Satellite DEMETER Investigations

ENV-SEM/Seismic Monitoring/Environment
OBS-NAT/Natural Resources and Earth Sciences/Other Basic Sciences
Registration date 02.02.2004 / Completion date 03.07.2009

Senior Project Manager: Rudneva V Ya /Leading Institute: Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russia, Moscow; Supporting Institutes: International Agency on Complex Monitoring of the Earth, Natural Disasters and Technogenic Catastrophes, Russia, Moscow\nInstitute of the Geophysical Services, Russia, Kaluga reg., Obninsk
Collaborators

CNRS / Centre d’etude des Environnements Terrestre et Planetaires, France, Sant-Maur\nUniversita Degli Studi di Bari, Italy, Bari\nTokai University / Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Japan, Tokai\nUniversity of Maryland at College Park / Department of Physics / East-West Space Science Center, USA, MD, College Park\nCNRS / Laboratoire de Physique et Chemie de L’Environnement, France, Orleans\nUniversite Paul Sabatier / Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, France, Toulouse\nUniversity of Electro-Communications, Japan, Tokyo\nUniversity of Sheffield / Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, UK, Shiffield\nInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovakia, Kosice
Project summary

The proposed project is intended for the investigation of short-term transient processes in the global lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupled system using the simultaneous satellite and ground-based observations.  The geophysical processes in lithosphere-ionosphere medium, which are connected with seismic activity and volcano eruptions will be investigated above all. Besides the study of Earth electromagnetic environment will be carried out. The proposed research will be based on the analysis of data obtained from the satellite DEMETER recently launched onto the orbit by CNES and two ground-based Russian geophysical observatories: Karimshino (Kamchatka) and Lekhta (Karelia). The work plan of the project foresees combined data processing and extensive theoretical modeling of the interaction processes and the transfer mechanisms in the lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere (LAI) system.

The specialists of the Institute of Physics of the Earth (IPE), Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of the Geophysical Survey of Russian Academy of Sciences (IGS) and GEOSCAN during many years conduct the investigations of the Earth seismicity and related geophysical phenomena, including the observations at Karimshino and Lehta observatories. Besides some specialists of the Institute of Physics of the Earth and GEOSCAN have the wide experience in the processing and analyzing of the satellite data.

Significant experience obtained during the current ISTC Project #1121 realization will be used for development and modernization of scientific devices and software. A large database of geophysical measurements created within the Project #1121 will make good use in data analysis.

The unique experimental data base of synchronous satellite and ground-based EM observations will give the possibility to separate the ionospheric plasma/wave anomalous phenomena definitely related to strong seismic or volcanic activity. Results of the project will help to develop the satellite methods for detection of ionospheric precursors to earthquakes.

The Project work plan foresees studying the mechanisms of large-scale natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcano eruptions and the development of the forecasting methods for their timely alerting. In a course of the Project implementation the fundamental theoretical studies on electromagnetic phenomena in lithosphere-atmosphere- ionosphere interaction, seismology and geodynamics will be carried out.
http://www.istc.int/en/project/DADB8680CD61EA32C3256F3A003DA64F

Study of electromagnetic emissions associated with seismic activity in Kamchatka region

Abstract
A review of data processing of electromagnetic emission observation collected at the Complex Geophysical Observatory Karimshino (Kamchatka peninsula) during the first 5 months (July?November, 2000) of its operation is given. The main goal of this study addresses the detection of the phenomena associated with Kamchatka seismic activity. The following observations have been conducted at CGO: variations of ULF/ELF magnetic field, geoelectric potentials (telluric currents), and VLF signals from navigation radio transmitters. The methods of data processing of these observations are discussed. The examples of the first experimental results are presented.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/29630212_Study_of_electromagnetic_emissions_associated_with_seismic_activity_in_Kamchatka_region

 

Experimental detection of an ELF radio pulse associated with the gamma-ray burst of December 27, 2004
Abstract
We compare the experimentally observed and model waveforms of the electromagnetic pulse associated with an abrupt change in the height of the Earth–ionosphere cavity, which was caused by an intense gamma-ray burst that arrived from the cosmic source in December 27, 2004. Polarization and spectral properties of the burst are examined. It is shown that the experimentally observed extremely low frequency (ELF) radio pulse exceeds the level of a regular Schumann-resonance background signal severalfold, and its waveform is close to the calculated one. The wave arrival angle is close to the direction towards the epicenter of the ionospheric disturbance. The time of pulse arrival at the Karymshino observatory (52.83°N, 158.13°E) is about 0.16s ahead of the burst recording time.

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226990235_Experimental_detection_of_an_ELF_radio_pulse_associated_with_the_gamma-ray_burst_of_December_27_2004

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