Breathing Metals: Effects of Long-Term Inhalation of Airborne Particulate Matter on Early Alzheimer-Like Changes / Millions of Viruses Falling from Earth’s Atmosphere / The preferential accumulation of heavy metals in different tissues following frequent respiratory exposure to Particulate Matter: “Aluminum can also bind the phosphate group in the nuclear chromatin of neurons and disturb DNA transcription and replication to result in abnormal metabolism and protein synthesis.” / ANTARCTICA on NASA Worldview

ANTARCTICA, Ross Sea & Maria Byrd Land area (above) / Feb.7, 2018. The contrast & saturation, etc. maxed. These ‘spiral-coil’ things are often lurking beneath the more opaque white (see comparison below). Obviously an enormous energy “charge” in the water vapor cloud.
https://go.nasa.gov/2ETJZWF

 

VSF: I have been reading a 2017 text book on Atmospheric Aerosols [Wiley Germany] that details extensively innumerable studies on particulates in our atmosphere, many conducted by the Navy and/or from satellites. Industrial pollution consisting of the ‘heavy’ metals, is not only causing dementia etc. – but also altering our DNA. Add the secret covert geoengineering aerosol spraying of various nano-particulate metals (aluminum, barium, strontium, lithium, etc.) being conducted worldwide — and you get a confused gullible, easily manipulated population with very compromised immune systems.

A Pilot Study to Assess Effects of Long-Term Inhalation of Airborne Particulate Matter on Early Alzheimer-Like Changes in the Mouse Brain / Dhaval P. Bhatt, Kendra L. Puig, Matthew W. Gorr, Loren E. Wold, Colin K. Combs / May 20, 2015

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive dementia characterized by altered processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP), formation of beta-amyloid plaques (Aβ), hyper-phosphorylated tau containing neurofibrillary tangles, and synaptic loss in the brain. In 2010, there were 5.3 million Americans with AD and this number is expected to rise to 13.8 million by 2050. 

During 1979–2010, while the total mortality in the U.S. decreased, the total number of deaths resulting from AD increased by 68% during 2000–2010. … this inconsistent rise in AD-related deaths cannot be explained by an overall increase in the aging population. …

Central nervous system inflammation … environmental factors like air pollution can influence peripheral and brain inflammation. In addition to poisonous gases, organic compounds and metals, polluted air contains PM particulate matter …

Combustion and industrial activities result in PM2.5 formation mainly comprised of organic and inorganic compounds such as sulfates, nitrates, carbon, ammonium, hydrogen ions, lipopolysaccharides, metals and water. … recently, observational studies in humans living in polluted areas and acute exposure studies in dogs with highly concentrated particulate matter and other air pollutants have revealed that air pollution can influence the brain inflammatory phenotype and promote development of AD-like pathology.  …

Based upon the increasing evidence that DNA methylation changes occur in AD brains and in response to particulate matter inhalation… Environmental factors are known to induce several epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation and acetylation or methylation of histone proteins.

Of these, the most well characterized epigenetic modification is DNA methylation. This regulates gene silencing and mounting evidence suggests strong correlation between environmental exposure to air pollutants and altered DNA methylation:

[DNA methylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA molecule. … DNA methylation is essential for normal development and is associated with a number of key processes including genomic imprinting, X-chromosome inactivation, repression of transposable elements, aging and carcinogenesis. WIKI]  

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0127102

ANTARCTICA, Ross Sea & Maria Byrd Land area (above) / Feb.7, 2018. The contrast & saturation, etc. maxed. These ‘spiral-coil’ things are often lurking beneath the more opaque white. Obviously so much energy “charge” in the water vapor cloud.https://go.nasa.gov/2ETJZWF

The image (below) is the same general area without the contrast. etc. pushed. The energies in these “charged” clouds are hidden, obfuscated.

VSF: This report (below) was in  RT, Science Daily, Live Science, Daily Mail UK, Phys Org, Science Alert, Newsweek, MSN, CBS Local,  and others. Indoctrinating the public to think this has always been natural?


Viruses—lots of them—are falling from the sky


February 6, 2018, University of British Columbia

An astonishing number of viruses are circulating around the Earth’s atmosphere – and falling from it – according to new research from scientists in Canada, Spain and the U.S. The study marks the first time scientists have quantified the viruses being swept up from the Earth’s surface into the free troposphere, beyond Earth’s weather systems but below the stratosphere where jet airplanes fly.

The viruses can be carried thousands of kilometres there before being deposited back onto the Earth’s surface. “Every day, more than 800 million viruses are deposited per square metre above the planetary boundary layer—that’s 25 viruses for each person in Canada,” said University of British Columbia virologist Curtis Suttle, one of the senior authors of a paper in the International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal that outlines the findings.

“Roughly 20 years ago we began finding genetically similar viruses occurring in very different environments around the globe,” says Suttle. “This preponderance of long-residence viruses traveling the atmosphere likely explains why—it’s quite conceivable to have a virus swept up into the atmosphere on one continent and deposited on another.”

Bacteria and viruses are swept up in the atmosphere in small particles from soil-dust and sea spray. Suttle and colleagues at the University of Granada and San Diego State University wanted to know how much of that material is carried up above the atmospheric boundary layer above 2,500 to 3,000 metres.

At that altitude, particles are subject to long-range transport unlike particles lower in the atmosphere. Using platform sites high in Spain’s Sierra Nevada Mountains, the researchers found billions of viruses and tens of millions of bacteria are being deposited per square metre per day. The deposition rates for viruses were nine to 461 times greater than the rates for bacteria.

“Bacteria and viruses are typically deposited back to Earth via rain events and Saharan dust intrusions. However, the rain was less efficient removing viruses from the atmosphere,” said author and microbial ecologist Isabel Reche from the University of Granada.

The researchers also found the majority of the viruses carried signatures indicating they had been swept up into the air from sea spray. The viruses tend to hitch rides on smaller, lighter, organic particles suspended in air and gas, meaning they can stay aloft in the atmosphere longer.

https://phys.org/news/2018-02-viruseslots-themare-falling-sky.html

ANTARCTICA (above) / Feb.7, 2018. The South Orkney Islands, with contrast etc. maxed to show the radiation patterns coming off these islands.                                  https://go.nasa.gov/2EPLwga

ANTARCTICA (above) / Feb.7, 2018. The South Orkney Islands.                https://go.nasa.gov/2EcpIdF

VFS: This is an article written by Chinese research showing the connection between heavy metals and Alzheimer’s disease & dementia.

The preferential accumulation of heavy metals in different tissues following frequent respiratory exposure to Particulate Matter PM2.5 in rats
Qingzhao Li,* Huibin Liu,* Mohamed Alattar, Shoufang Jiang, Jing Han, Yujiao Ma, and Chunyang Jianga,

Abstract
This study aimed to explore the pattern of accumulation of some of main heavy metals in blood and various organs of rats after exposed to the atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Rats were randomly divided into control and three treatment groups (tracheal perfusion with 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg of PM2.5 suspension liquid, respectively). Whole blood and the lung, liver, kidney, and cerebral cortex were harvested after rats were treated and sacrificed.

The used heavy metals were detected using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) instrument. As results, Lead was increased in the liver, lung and cerebral cortex and the level of manganese was significantly elevated in the liver and cerebral cortex in PM2.5 treated rats. Besides, arsenic was prominently enriched both in cerebral cortex and in blood, and so did the aluminum in the cerebral cortex and the copper in the liver. …

In the field of environmental pollution, heavy metal mainly refers to those metal or metalloid elements with obvious biotoxicity such as mercury, cadmium, lead, chromium, copper, cobalt, nickel, tin, arsenic, aluminum, etc. Such pollutants are not easily be degraded by microorganism and may even undergo bioamplification. …

The main toxic effect of aluminum is exerted on the nervous system.

Aluminum can combine with the phospholipids by complexation and affect the function of nerve cell membrane. Aluminum can also bind the phosphate group in the nuclear chromatin of neurons and disturb DNA transcription and replication to result in abnormal metabolism and protein synthesis.

In addition, it can interfere with cellular energy status and bring about changes in cholinergic neurotransmitter and destruction of BBB [blood brain barrier] function to cause dementia or other degenerative diseases.

Related studies have shown that long-term exposure of aluminum increases the susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease. In this study, high dose exposure to PM2.5 significantly increased the content of aluminum in cerebral cortex, which confirmed that aluminum can pass the BBB and tend to accumulate in the brain.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4652264/

ANTARCTICA, The AMERY Ice Shelf Area, The Indian Ocean (above) / Feb.7, 2018. The contrast etc. are maxed to reveal the “spiral-coils” that are a lavender color – titanium & nickel are lavender.                                                                                                  https://go.nasa.gov/2EdqCXe

ANTARCTICA, The Indian Ocean above Amery Ice Shelf / Feb.7, 2018. The East Antarctic. Contrast & saturation maxed. “Coils”.                                                                    https://go.nasa.gov/2ERGdNu

North America (ab0ve) / Feb.7, 2018.                                                                   https://go.nasa.gov/2E7S20F

The Silent Invasion of Our Planet Earth / E.M. Nicolay: “By the mid to late 2010s, hardly any region on Earth was free of the newly ionized and metalized atmosphere, or by virtue of particle fallout, the ionization of the electromagnetic grid system of the planet.”

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