North America (above) July 29, 2018. Off the coast of Vancouver Island and British Columbia. Miles of evidence of spiral-coil helical-resonator cloud forms. Contrast etc. are maxed to clearly show the scalar radiation. https://go.nasa.gov/2LYNTjC
The Atmosphere and Ionosphere, Elementary Processes, Discharges, and Plasmoids / Vladimir Bychkov, Gennady Golubkov, Anatoly Nikitin, Editors [Moscow Russia] / Springer Science (textbooks), 2013
[VFS: This post is yet another effort by me to reveal the various technologies being used to geoengineer our planet, to ionize and weaponize space. What follows are excerpts from this Springer science textbook paraphrased by me. My comments are in brackets. As we progress, you will see that we move quickly from Nature’s phenomena to molecular physics. I have also included further research at the end of the post for those who want.]
In June of 2010, in a cozy Russian resort on the coast of the Baltic Sea, the 2nd International Conference on “Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety” (AIS-2010) took place. Among the Russian institutions that organized the conference was the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism and Radio-Waves Propagation of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) gave financial support. The scientists were from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, the United States, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, and Japan. [Obviously this was an international global conference.]
The presentations concerned the influence of natural and anthropogenic [human caused] reactions in the ‘atmosphere-ionosphere’ system. [Note the two are considered as one system.] The intention is said to be the reasons and cases for the influence of various geophysical and atmospheric phenomena “on the biosphere of the Earth and its technological systems … development of monitoring systems and decrease in the negative influence of natural processes on mankind’s ability to live.” [They are concerned with “mankind’s ability to live” — to live at all, to survive. So what do they know that they are not telling the public?]
The Sea of Okhotsk, Russia (above) / July 22, 2018. The Russian Sakhalin Island is on the left. The contrast etc. is adjusted to reveal the various forms of radiation. https://go.nasa.gov/2LiBESI
Powerful natural disturbances that influence Earth’s Ionosphere are named, among which are electric currents, electromagnetic disturbances in various spectral ranges, plasma and optical disturbances, accelerated particles, raised levels of radioactivity — and changed ionic and molecular composition are formed.
“Moreover, the microwave radiation of highly excited ionospheric particles, accompanying increases in solar activity and occurrences of magnetic storms, has a negative influence on the biosphere of the Earth.”
Monitoring systems are needed to give knowledge of “catastrophic process indicators” with the development of manned and unmanned orbital systems.
North America, the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia (above) / July 29, 2018. Miles of evidence of spiral-coil cloud forms and parallel line scalar wave transmissions. Contrast etc. are again maxed adjusted. https://go.nasa.gov/2v2aF3u
[The introduction lists the book’s contents.]
Elementary Processes in the Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere
An analysis is given of the “possibilities of laser control” by “the dissociative recombination reaction of slow electrons and molecular ions of oxygen, which under certain conditions can be accelerated (or slowed down) by two or three orders of magnitude under the influence of an external field.” [This external field can only be the transmitters that are producing radiation, parallel lines, and bizarre cloud forms every day around the planet, images found on NASA Worldview.]
“Features of the non-equilibrium microwave radiation spectrum of the upper atmosphere disturbed by electron beams thrown out of the ionosphere during solar activity were discussed.” [Were these ‘electron beams’ thrown out by solar activity — or by transmitters using interferometry and perhaps scalar wave source energy. We know from Tom Bearden that the Russians have developed their Woodpecker scalar electromagnetic weaponry technology since the 1980s.]
North America (above) / July 29, 2018. The Carr fire smoke near Redding California creating vortices off the OR & CA coast. Klamath Mountains / Devils Rock. https://go.nasa.gov/2K3465y
[Now we come to the Rydberg state of atoms and molecules, which I will attempt to explain as we proceed. In 2012, the Nobel Prize was given to Serge Haroche, a French physicist, for his research on the Rydberg atom — and “ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems”, a study of the particle of light, the photon.].
A report was heard at the conference on the mechanisms of collision and radiating quenching of Rydberg atoms and molecules populating the F-, T-, and D-layers of the upper atmosphere under the influence of these electrons. An analysis of … electron collision ionization of molecule bombardment, electron dissociative attachment, etc.
A method of electron wave functions of the system “Rydberg atom + neutral particle of the environment” was presented. Mechanisms and methods of collision and radiating quenching of the Rydberg atoms process calculations in the upper atmosphere were considered.
A new mechanism of a phase delay of satellite signals during the periods of strong geomagnetic disturbances that is caused by a cascade of re-radiations at the Rydberg states of atoms and molecules in the decimeter range, excited by streams of ionospheric electrons, was discussed. [We can see the interest in Rydberg states. I suggest that these technicians are conducting high altitude experiments by producing their own streams of ionospheric electrons via powerful transmitters (like HAARP, etc.) to excite these Rydberg states.]
RYDBERG ATOMS – MIT Prof. Daniel Kleppner: “The world of entanglement is a new world in quantum level with microscopic systems. Microwave cavity. We no longer need to rely on Nature to make the atoms for us, we can make our own quantum systems.”
North America off California coast (above) / July 22, 2018. Note the vortex. The contrast etc. is maxed & the smoke from the fires turns orange-brown. https://go.nasa.gov/2LfE1Wk
An introduction the Rydberg Physics:
The rise of Rydberg physics and Quantum Computing
07 Apr 2016
Taken from the April 2016 issue of Physics World
Quantum computers of the future could operate via the energy transitions of excited atoms, or even from pure light, if a rapidly growing area of atomic physics continues to meet with success, writes Keith Cooper.
In Rydberg physics, this quantum aspect is provided through entanglement.
“The entanglement is the bit that gives you something more than you can do with a classical computer,” explains Charles Adams, a physicist with the Joint Quantum Centre at Durham University in the UK. The entanglement is produced by the interaction of the Rydberg atoms with other unexcited atoms around them. In essence, Saffman’s CNOT gate is an entanglement machine and the efficiency of the gate depends on the “fidelity” of the entanglement, which is defined as the amount of successful computations that the entangled logic gate achieves compared to the total number of attempts.
Running the blockade
When the atoms are the qubits, the photon’s role is simply to excite the atoms into their Rydberg states. However, Adams, among others, has been chasing a slightly different prize: a quantum computer made of light.
In such a device, rather than the atoms being the qubits, the photons would act as the qubits instead. Immediately there’s a potential showstopper. Photons, being massless particles, don’t interact with one another and so ordinarily cannot create logic gates. Expose them to Rydberg atoms, however, and the game changes, allowing physicists to create exotic photonic states and even “molecules” of light.
Rydberg physics is not the only game in town when it comes to quantum computers. Trapped ions, superconductors, diamonds and Bose–Einstein condensates among others are competitors for the quantum crown. But Rydberg atoms have other uses too. For example, by choosing a Rydberg ensemble at a specific resonant frequency – say terahertz, or microwave – it could act as a sophisticated sensor, producing an optical output when it picks up those fields. Photon–photon interactions forced by Rydberg blockades could even lead to exotic states of light that are considered crystalline or liquid, where the interactions hold the photons together in something that might look like a lightsaber.
“Rydberg physics has grown in momentum throughout the last decade,” says Adams. “There are groups almost everywhere now doing some aspect of this.” It is remarkable what Rydberg physics could accomplish, considering the ingredients are some of the simplest things in the universe: atoms and photons.
North America off the California coast (above) / July 22, 2018. More of the Carr Fire smoke. https://go.nasa.gov/2LfE1Wk
[A few more and relevant quotations from the conference textbook.]
“There are no doubts that struggle against aerosol particles is one of the central foci of safe maintenance of the existence of all life on Earth.” [The earth.nullschool.net provides an updated look at particle dispersions over our planet. There are many sources including radiation from nuclear facilities and bomb testing, industrial pollution, volcanic eruptions, the burning of coal fires for cooking — and more recently out of control wildfires. What is not being said is the dispersion of toxic metal oxide nano-particles such as aluminum, barium, lithium, strontium, coal fly ash, and others that are being sprayed daily as part of the geoengineering operations conducted around the planet.]
North America (above) / July 28, 2018. The aerosol spraying over the Pacific Ocean off the west coast and the Carr fire smoke. https://go.nasa.gov/2LY2KLd
The majority of radioactive aerosols are charged. The charged aerosols are also important in aerosol technology because motion of these particles can be controlled by external electromagnetic fields. [Meaning exactly what? How are these ‘external; electromagnetic fields’ applied?]
The properties of carbon particles formed in the combustion process in airplane engines were also considered. [Interesting, since we have watched these planes spraying our skies with their toxic trails for many years now!]
Dusty plasmoids have also been considered — that are generated by means of the erosion plasma generator in which an aluminum powder is inserted into the discharge channel and the high frequency Tesla generator is applied. [Very intriguing…an erosion plasma generator and a high frequency Tesla generator!]
CARR fire smoke again (above) / July 28, 2018. A slight contrast adjustment. https://go.nasa.gov/2uYZWH5
Quantum Electrodynamics QED
The electromagnetic force has been shown to be the result of particle exchange or quanta rather than electromagnetic fields. Field forces gravity or electromagnetics.
Quantum theory showed that a field is obsolete. Regulated by interactions between virtual photons. Tiny particle of different varieties are able to manifest from nothing.
Because of the uncertainty associated with time and energy. Particles that do this are called virtual particles, because they do not exist with the same sense of permanence as other particles. Attraction & repulsion between particles with electric charge can be explained by a change in momentum due to collisions. No electromagnetic field would have to be referenced.
Classical electrodynamics can be explained by quantum theory and quantum mechanical principles. Light (photons) are the subject of special relativity.
North America (above) / July 23, 2018. Spiral-coils (helical resonators) off the west coast with the contrast etc. maxed. https://go.nasa.gov/2LJlVIx
The Rydberg states of an atom or molecule are electronically excited states with energies that follow the Rydberg formula as they converge on an ionic state with an ionization energy.
Although the Rydberg formula was developed to describe atomic energy levels, it has been used to describe many other systems that have electronic structure roughly similar to atomic hydrogen. In general, at sufficiently high principal quantum numbers, an excited electron – ionic core system will have the general character of a hydrogenic system and the energy levels will follow the Rydberg formula. Rydberg states have energies converging on the energy of the ion. The ionization energy threshold is the energy required to completely liberate an electron from the ionic core of an atom or molecule.
In practice, a Rydberg wave packet is created by a laser pulse on a hydrogenic atom and thus populates a superposition of Rydberg states. Modern investigations using pump-probe experiments show molecular pathways – e.g. dissociation of (NO)2 – via these special states.
The Rydberg formula is used in atomic physics to describe the wavelengths of spectral lines of many chemical elements. It was formulated by the Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg, and presented on 5 November 1888.
In 1880, Rydberg worked on a formula describing the relation between the wavelengths in spectral lines of alkali metals. He noticed that lines came in series and he found that he could simplify his calculations by using the wavenumber (the number of waves occupying the unit length, equal to 1/λ, the inverse of the wavelength) as his unit of measurement. He plotted the wavenumbers (n) of successive lines in each series against consecutive integers which represented the order of the lines in that particular series. Finding that the resulting curves were similarly shaped, he sought a single function which could generate all of them, when appropriate constants were inserted.
The ARCTIC (above) / July 28, 2018. Novaya Zemlya & Franz Josef Land Islands Russia.
Note the radiation. https://go.nasa.gov/2uYhtiJ
RYDBERG ATOMS – MIT Prof. Daniel Kleppner
A Rydberg atom is any simple atom with one electron that has been promoted to a very high quantum number. Discovered in space around 1965. Neils Bohr predicted them. To see these atoms you need a very large volume and a great many of them, radio astronomy discovered them.
Their energies are so close, that when they radiate, they don’t radiate at radio frequencies, they radiate at microwave frequencies. And beautiful spectral lines were seen. After the laser was invented, we knew we could make them in the laboratory and they are easy to detect.
How these atoms can be pulled apart… if you apply an electric field to an atom, you can pull out the electron. There are scaling laws in physics that govern all these simple properties. With very small fields, you can ionize these atoms. So all their properties are totally bizarre compared to the normal properties of atoms that we are used to. And this means that the atoms can be used for all sorts of interesting things. You can use the atom to measure the electric field, because they are so sensitive to the fields.
You can look at collisions between the atoms. These atoms are so large, they have enormous electric dipole moments. And they can interact with each other. With implications for quantum computation. Using a so-called dipole blockade: Excite one atom to a Rydberg State, then try to excite another, the energy that you need will have changed, because of the presence of the first atom. So you can use one atom to turn off / on another atom. Very useful for quantum information processing.
Cavity quantum electrodynamics: 2012 Nobel Prize. The study of atoms radiating in cavities, in which the cavity fundamentally changes the nature of radiation. This is totally with the quantum regime. If you put the atom into a cavity, which is tuned to a transition, and the atom is in the upper state, it will radiate into the cavity faster than into free space. In free space you have spontaneous emission, in a cavity the spontaneous emission rate is raised by the presence of the cavity, you can make it radiate much faster.
If you can make the cavity better and better, you can get the atom to radiate into the cavity before the cavity dissipates the energy. Any excited microwave or any resonator which is excited, decays, the energy decays. Well in these experiments you make the cavity so good that the energy lasts a long time — long enough for the atom to reabsorb the energy and then it can radiate again. Then you have the atom and the cavity oscillating back and forth in what are called atom-cavity-oscillations.
The system has changed because the atom and the cavity have become “entangled” — they have joint history, they ‘know’ about each other. Introduce a second atom into the cavity and it becomes entangled with the first, even though they have never really directly interacted with each other. By interacting with this cavity, they become entangled with each other. Entanglement means there are correlations between these atoms. They know about each other.
These correlations are very quantum mechanical, very weird.
Also you can use this technique to see things in the cavity you would never have dreamt of. You can count the exact number of photons in the cavity using this technique. You can measure the photons leaving the cavity. All of this is made possible by Rydberg atoms.
The world of entanglement is a new world in quantum level with microscopic systems. Microwave cavity. We no longer need to rely on Nature to make the atoms for us, we can make our own quantum systems.
The West coast of Africa (above) / July 29, 2018. The contrast etc. are maxed. Note the spiral-coil helical-resonator cloud forms. The colors are not natural. https://go.nasa.gov/2uWZ9Gu
A microwave cavity or radio frequency (RF) cavity is a special type of resonator, consisting of a closed (or largely closed) metal structure that confines electromagnetic fields in the microwave region of the spectrum. The structure is either hollow or filled with dielectric material. The microwaves bounce back and forth between the walls of the cavity. At the cavity’s resonant frequencies they reinforce to form standing waves in the cavity.
Therefore, the cavity functions similarly to an organ pipe or sound box in a musical instrument, oscillating preferentially at a series of frequencies, its resonant frequencies. Thus it can act as a bandpass filter, allowing microwaves of a particular frequency to pass while blocking microwaves at nearby frequencies.
A microwave cavity acts similarly to a resonant circuit with extremely low loss at its frequency of operation, resulting in quality factors (Q factors) up to the order of 106, compared to 102 for circuits made with separate inductors and capacitors at the same frequency. They are used in place of resonant circuits at microwave frequencies, since at these frequencies discrete resonant circuits cannot be built because the values of inductance and capacitance needed are too low.
They are used in oscillators and transmitters to create microwave signals, and as filters to separate a signal at a given frequency from other signals, in equipment such as radar equipment, microwave relay stations, satellite communications, and microwave ovens.
RF cavities can also manipulate charged particles passing through them by application of acceleration voltage and are thus used in particle accelerators and microwave vacuum tubes such as klystrons and magnetrons.
Johannes (Janne) Robert Rydberg (8 November 1854 – 28 December 1919) was a Swedish physicist mainly known for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to describe the wavelengths of photons (of light and other electromagnetic radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an electron in a hydrogen atom.